BEGINNERS GUIDE TO BOWLING and BOWLS ETIQUETTE
- This Guide was written for the benefit of OUR beginners, and, as such, some references may apply solely to the way we do things at Ventnor Bowling Club.
- Etiquette is concerned with an acceptable level of behaviour on, and around, the bowling green. Most clubs, including Ventnor, have their own particular local rules and regulations which they operate alongside the generally accepted County and National Standards.
- When you first join a bowling club you will be encouraged to attend coaching sessions whereby you will be taught how to hold a bowl, how to deliver a bowl and how to make an allowance for the bias on the bowl.
- Various league teams are available for all full members to join and that team will reflect your ability and skill level. New members are encouraged to join a league team, although it is not compulsory.
- Being a part of a team adds to your enjoyment and playing with (and against) more experienced players will improve your game and encourage you to progress.
The following sections contain information that you should know before you join a team at Ventnor...............
CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT
- There are bowls available at the Club for you to use and your coach will help you choose the right size and weight. If you wish to buy your own bowls then don’t rush. Take advice from some experienced bowlers, and if possible try various different makes of bowls to see which one suits you. The size needs to be right according to the size of your hand, and the bias differs on all makes and type of bowls. Your selection can depend on what position you play in a team, and also if you wish to use the bowls outdoors and indoors. As an example, if you are playing at position 1 or 2 then fairly straight bowls are necessary whereas if you are playing at 3 or 4 then it would be desirable to have bowls which can swing around other bowls to get near the jack. Also, indoors at Ventnor the width of the green is limited, so wide swinging bowls would not be appropriate.
- During league matches your bowls must have Ventnor Bowling Club stickers on them, which are obtainable from the Club free of charge.
- The only other equipment necessary is chalk, a special tape measure and wedges. (How and why these are used will be explained later.) The purchase of a copy of the rules, which can be obtained from the bar, is recommended.
- If there are any rules which you do not fully understand then please ask one of the trainers or the Club Captain.
- In league matches everyone should wear club tops which are available for purchase from the Club. Players must wear a white or cream skirt, culottes, tailored full-length trousers or cropped trousers of opaque material. The skirt must be of regulation style, having four inverted pleats, two at the front and two at the back. They must be long enough to fall below the knee at the front and below the knee crease at the back. Tracksuits, shell suits, chinos and jeans are not acceptable. Tailored plain-cropped trousers (not lycra type) must fall midway between the knee and ankle. The wearing of approved hats is optional. This now includes plain white, or with approved logo, baseball caps may be worn on the green only. On medical grounds other hats will be allowed if approved by the Women’s Management Committee. Plain white or green visors may be worn. Umbrellas are prohibited at all times. At present waterproof jackets, waterproof trousers and hats are to be white. The Club is looking at having Club jackets etc in the near future. Tights or stockings in shades of brown are optional but no pop socks or knee-highs. Plain white socks may be worn with trousers. If worn with skirts, culottes or cropped trousers, footies must be unobtrusive. Only proper bowling shoes should be worn which are smooth soled and with no heel. These can be in eitherwhite, grey or brown. Bowling sandals are not allowed. To match the Club colours, white shoes are preferable.
- In league matches everyone should wear club tops which can be purchased from the Club. League matches on a Saturday require white trousers and at other times mid grey trousers. The team sheets on the notice board usually state the colours required. At present waterproof jackets, waterproof trousers, jumpers, fleeces and hats are to be white. The Club is looking at having Club jackets etc in the near future. Only proper bowling shoes should be worn which are smooth soled and with no heel. These can be either white, grey or brown. To match the Club colours, white shoes are preferable.
- At the beginning of the year the Team Captains and selectors will pick the teams for the forthcoming outdoor season. All bowlers wishing to be included in a team will be selected and a list of bowlers names together with the team they will represent, will be posted on the notice board.
- A fixture booklet will be produced to enable you to see when and where your team is playing. If there are more players in each team than is required it would mean that you may not be selected every week. Due to holidays and sickness etc., some teams may not always be able to field a full team. On these occasions, with the Captain’s permission, they may wish to borrow players from other teams. There are restrictions to this practice and your Captain will be aware of this.
- Each week the Captains will place their team selections to represent Ventnor Bowling Club on the notice boards together with the date, time and colour of attire for the match. It is your responsibility to come to the clubhouse to see if you have been selected. If you have, then you should tick your name so your Captain is aware that you will be turning up.
- Travelling arrangements should be agreed with your Captain for away games. You should therefore telephone your driver to make arrangements. If you are unable to play you should delete your name, initial the deletion and telephone your Captain immediately so that he is able to find a replacement.
- MEN’S league games consist of a team of three rinks of four bowlers. Each four that wins their rink gets two points (1 point each for a draw), and the team with the higher total score for the three rinks will get a further six points (3 points each if the totals are equal). Therefore TWELVE points in total are available.
- If a rink is one bowler short, then the first two bowlers have three bowls each and the skip has two bowls. However, a penalty of 25% of the rink score is deducted at the end of the game from the rink with the missing player.
- LADIES league games consist of two rinks of four bowlers. Each four that wins their rink gets two points (1 point each for a draw), and the team with the higher total score for the two rinks will get a further two points, (1 point each if the totals are equal). Therefore SIX points in total are available.
- If a rink is one bowler short then the first two bowlers have three bowls each and the skip has two bowls. However, a penalty of 25% of the rink score is deducted at the end of the game from the rink with the missing player.
- Even though your rink may be trailing your opponents, it is essential that you endeavour to lose by the least amount possible, as the overall score is important in the final points tally.
- You are not allowed to practice on the rink that you will later play on during the same day,
- Each member of the team has an important role to play. All players should read every section as some comments refer to all bowlers.
- Before the commencement of a league match the two Captains write their players names for each rink in playing order on the scorecards. The cards of the two sides are placed face down and drawn to see which fours are playing on which rink number. A coin is tossed and the winner can elect to go first or second. For all subsequent ends, the winner of the previous end will always be first to go on the next end.
- Prior to the commencement of the match, two practice ends are usually played. The team that won the toss (or was put in first by the winner) will deliver the jack on the first practice end, and the other rink’s lead will deliver the jack on the 2nd practice end. To get used to the condition, and the run of the green, it is usual for one delivery to be on the forehand and the other on the backhand.
- The first player is known as the ‘LEAD’ and their responsibility is to place the mat and deliver the ‘JACK’. The Captain of the team will advise you who has the first jack. As the first two ends are practice ends, whichever team puts up the first jack then the other lead delivers the second jack.
- To commence the game and at all subsequent ends, the front edge of the mat shall be not less than 2 metres from the rear ditch. The mat should be laid longways and square to the ditch behind you and the centre of the mat should line up with the rink number. The skip should ensure the mat is in the right position and, if not, will give directions to the lead. The jack should then be delivered and must end up a minimum of 23 metres from the front of the mat. At the side of the green there are markers which indicate 23 metres, but this presupposes that the mat is exactly 2 metres from the ditch. If the two skips cannot agree that it is a legal length then a tape measure is used. If it is less than 23 metres then the opposing lead delivers the jack and can also move the mat. This would also happen if the jack is delivered outside the confines of the rink or is delivered into the far ditch. If the other rink’s lead also delivers an illegal jack then the jack is placed 2 metres from the far ditch and again the mat maybe moved.. A pole 2 metres long is available to correctly place the jack which should go to the side of the end of the pole not at the tip. Even if the second lead delivers a legal jack then the first lead will still play first. The lead should stand on the mat and give directions to the skip to ensure the jack is lined up with the rink number. By holding your hands in front of you, you indicate the distance you want the jack moved either left or right. The two leads now bowl both their bowls.
- Whichever team wins the end retains the jack for the next end. For tactical reasons the skip may wish to instruct you where to place the mat or whether he wants a short or long jack. Often during a game the skip will stand where he wants the jack delivered.
- The lead’s job is to get both bowls as close to the jack as possible. Ideally one just in front and one just behind. Even if your opponent is close to the jack, you should still try to get one as close as possible, not try and remove his bowl with weight. The choice of hands, forehand or backhand, should be decided by the bowler unless directed by the skip. Your possession of the mat finishes once your bowl has come to rest and then possession passes to your opponent. Possession of the mat ensures that the only bowlers talking are the bowler on the mat and his/her skip. Once you leave the mat you cannot communicate with your skip until you have regained control of the mat. The skip will indicate to you how far in front or behind your bowl has gone. This will help you adjust for your next bowl.
- The home player should be responsible for keeping the scoreboard up to date.
- As a player you will be directed by your skip as to the type of shot he/she wants you to play and on which hand. Remember the skip is in a better position than you are to read the head. Always commit to the shot you are being asked to play. If you are not sure whose bowls are which and how far they are from the jack then ask your skip. You can only do this whilst standing on the mat.
- The third player is normally a more experienced player and may need to play different types of shots as directed by the skip. Also, whilst the skip delivers his bowls, the third player takes over the skip’s role and advises the skip of the type of wood to play. Any of the skip’s woods that touch the jack, when delivered, should have a chalk mark placed on them by the third player, even when they end up in the ditch. All chalked bowls in the ditch will remain “live” for the duration of that end, and their position marked, so that the bowlers at the other end can see where they are. Any other bowls entering the ditch, without first touching the jack, will be declared dead and removed. Once both skips have delivered all their bowls, the two number three’s then decide which bowls are closest to the jack. If a bowl is on its side and likely to fall over, then a wedge should be placed underneath it. If it is one of the skips last bowl of the end, then 30 seconds should be allowed from the time it came to rest before using a wedge. If a bowl is not secured and falls prior to, or during measurement, then the bowl should remain in its new position and the shot determination continued. All shots previously agreed shall count. Any disputes are measured by the number three who disagrees with a claim by the other number three. The result is then relayed to the skips who will record the score on the scorecard. Whilst the number three’s are determining the score, all bowls should remain in situ, and all other players should stand away from the head.
To keep the game flowing, the lead for the team who won the end should immediately collect the mat and deliver the jack, leaving the other players to move the bowls back behind the mat.
- The skip has sole charge of his/her rink and their instructions must be obeyed by his/her players. The skip decides with the opposing skip all disputed points and their agreed decision is final. If they are unable to agree then the dispute is referred to the umpire whose decision is final.
- Firstly the skip ensures the mat is properly lined up. He then places the jack in its correct position with the help of the lead. This should be done by hand and not by kicking the jack into position.
- Prior to his players delivering their bowls, he issues instructions to them. Any bowls that touch the jack will be marked by chalk even if the bowl and/or jack enter the ditch. Position markers are used to show where the jack/bowl has ended up in the ditch. Any dead bowls are removed from the rink. It is he skip who decides the tactics and strategy of the team.
- The skip is also responsible for completing the scorecard and should periodically check with the opposing skip that their scorecards agree.
- At the end of the game both skips sign both cards together with the time the game finished.
- Greet and shake hands with team members and opponents at the start of the game and shake hands, congratulate or compliment them at the end of play.
- Dress correctly for all games. Incorrect clothing may result in deduction of points.
- Stand still when a player is on the mat and be ready to bowl when it is your turn.
- Do not talk or make a noise behind the mat or move at the head when a player is preparing to bowl.
- Remain behind the mat or behind the head when it is not your team’s turn to play.
- Always remember that, as soon as your bowl has come to rest, possession of the rink passes to your opponent and you should not communicate with your skip until you have regained possession of the mat.
- Keep to your own rink. Don’t become a wanderer and distract other bowlers. Walk down the centre of your rink when you are changing ends. Walk around the head to ensure you don’t displace any bowls. Be aware of players on the next rink.
- Stand well back from the head when drive shots are played and warn others on adjacent rinks.
- Always help to clear the bowls, except the lead, who will be placing the mat.
- Outdoors, on sunny days, be aware of your shadow. Don’t let it mask the jack or allow it to fall in front of the mat when a player is about to bowl. Never criticise your opponent, the green or your own team. If you cannot say something positive , don’t say anything at all.
- Avoid obscuring any of the rink markers or the jack.
- Don’t applaud a team member who has outrageous luck.
- Don’t wave opponents’ bowls through the head. Don’t make comments like - through the gap, or, stop etc.
- Don’t walk past the end of the rink when a player is about to bowl towards you.
- Encourage and praise your team. Always appear to be enjoying the game and remember it’s a team game.
- Compliment your opponent on a good shot.
- Admit a fluke with grace.
- Be a gracious winner and a good loser.
AND FINALLY - ON THE MAT:-
- Finally, remember to take your time on the mat.
- Remember the ‘3 C’s’ : CONCENTRATION - CONSISTENCY - CONFIDENCE
Position of the bowl in your hand.
- Is the bowl's running surface in line with your arm and pointing towards the line you wish your bowl to travel? Have you got the right bias?
- Does your grip feel comfortable? Are your feet, shoulders and head facing the intended bowl line at the time of delivery?
- Are your feet positioned comfortably and not too close together?
- Do you need to place your non bowling hand on your knee of your forward leg to remain balanced?
- Step forward - not too long.
- Are you staying down for 2 or 3 seconds, still focusing, after delivering the bowl?
Smooth release of the bowl.
- Are you bending your back knee low enough?
- Are you using an even pendulum action (back-swing is important) and a good follow-through?
- Have you made sure that your hand isn’t cupped?